The Antigua & Barbuda Labour Code, CAP 27, establishes minimum employment standards and industrial relations provisions. The Code is broken down into Divisions and Parts. Division C provides for basic employment standards, which govern the employment relationship and inform employers and employees of minimum working conditions. Part One prohibits discrimination on enumerated grounds, requires the employer to provide a written statement of working conditions to employees and addresses termination of employment, among others. Part Two contains provisions regarding leaves, including public holidays, sick days and vacation. A national minimum wage rate and maximum hours of work are contained in Part Three. Part Four provides minimum standards on severance pay, while Part Five concerns unfair dismissals.
The Code also deals with health and safety and makes regulations concerning the employment of women, young persons and children.
The Pension Act, CAP 311 governs pensions for persons in public service while private sector pension plans are governed by Part VIII of The Insurance Act, 2007. The Act was effective April 2009 and required that all private plans be registered within 1 year of the effective date. Additionally, the Act contains provisions concerning:
Note that Antigua & Barbuda are part of a larger review being conducted by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, Commission on the Pension and Pension Administration Reform. The goal of the Commission is to review and make recommendations to achieve the goals of stable, predictable and adequate income security throughout retirement. We will keep you updated on the progress of the Commission.
Benefits may also be payable by the Antigua & Barbuda Social Security Board (ABSSB). Under the Social Security Act, CAP 408, persons who are 16 years of age or over but under 60 and who are employed in insurable employment are insured for life. The following benefits are payable upon meeting the applicable criteria:
Additionally, old age assistance may be payable to low income insured persons upon meeting certain requirements.
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